Human Right to Health

Right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (Right to Health)

The right to health, a human right enshrined in international Human Rights Law

The World Medical Association

The right to health was first articulated in the WHO Constitution (1946) which states that : "the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being...". The preamble of the Constitution defines health as : ‘.. a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity ».

The 1948 Universal declaration of Human Rights mentioned health as part of the right to an adequate standard of living (article 25). It was again recognised as a human right in 1966 in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Article 12: